The paper focuses on issues from unit four, global governance and transnational relations. These types of issues are often characterized by the difficulty of cooperation that is found in much of international relations. First, choose one of the two following global issues:1)Environmental (focus on a more specific issue such as global warming, endangered species, or water pollution). OR2)Covid-19 (containment, treatment, or the vaccine-related issues).In a clear, 3-4 page paper, discuss whether it is difficult for countries to cooperate on this particular issue, and say why or why not using appropriate concepts from the class (for instance, time inconsistency problems, information asymmetries, concerns over relative gains, etc.). Suggest ways countries could overcome these challenges in the future, using ideas from the class and/or your creativity. Do you think that future cooperation is likely?Why or why not?You do not need to read additional academic articles or books to write this paper, but you should refer back to the textbook, lecture, and assigned readings. You will need to do some additional research about the real-world event you choose to make sure you understand the event and its historical context. Within these two issue areas, you have a lot of choice.