Answer each question and number it.
Read Chapter 2 Moral Relativism pages 25-45. Answer the following questions:
What is Moral standard?
What is the difference between Moral Objectivism and Moral Relativism? (give examples)
What is Moral Subjectivism? (give example)
List and describe arguments against Moral Relativism?(4 arguments from pages 33-35)
Describe the concept of Tolerance based on A Matter of Tolerance on pages 36-37.
According Moral Relativism different cultures and societies have different moral values and they are equally valid. This means that one culture cannot see itself as better than or superior to another culture. Ethnocentricity, therefore, is wrong – says moral relativist. All cultures are equally good. All cultural values from different societies are equally valid even if they strongly disagree or oppose. Considering your culture as better or superior is morally wrong. Judging other culture is wrong. Accepting all cultures and their customs is morally right thing to do. If you value tolerance and think that we ought to be tolerant of the moralities of other culture, you may ask yourself: Do I must be ALWAYS tolerant, accepting equally ALL values, all people and all cultures and do not judge?
In order to answer this question better, please read again chapter on TOLERANCE on page 36. Then, do this research on the internet
Please find on the interned 8 shocking or horrifying customs or traditions that you will consider morally wrong. List them and number them. Please include some pictures.
Since they (all 8 of them as you listed) are accepted as morally right and are officially practiced without punishment in different societies, do you believe that those customs ought to be tolerated and not judged? What is right for them is right for them. What is right for me is right for me. as we often hear people saying. But, if you judge those customs as wrong, is it morally right for you to tolerate them? (Remember German people knowing that mass murder of Jew is wrong and not stopping Hitler.)
Watch and comment on this YouTube video:
On the Nature of Moral Relativism | Sam Harris and Douglas Murray 6:21
What makes Murry to say that Western values are superior to other cultures? Do you agree with Murray?
Do you think that there exist some moral values that apply equally to all people everywhere regardless of our ethnicity or culture?
Can you name some of such values?
If not, explain your position.
Watch the video posted in PAGES: The Examined Life-Is Morality Relative?
Which definition of a MORAL RELATIVIST is given in that video?
A MORAL RELATIVIST IS SOMEBODY WHO THINKS, FIRST OF ALL, THAT THERE IS NO SINGLE TRUE MORALITY. BUT SECONDLY, THERE ARE A VARIETY OF POSSIBLE MORALITIES.
A MORAL RELATIVIST IS SOMEBODY WHO THINKS THAT THERE IS A SINGLE TRUE MORALITY AND ACCEPTING ATHEISM IS A NECESSARY CONDITION.
IN THIS VIDEO, THERE IS NO DEFINITION WHO A MORAL RELATIVIST IS.
This video discusses the relativity of moral judgements in the context of several cases. How is moral relativity explained in the following examples:
CONCEPT OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
THE DUTCHMAN JOHANNES VAN DAMME WHO WAS SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR SMUGGLING DRUGS INTO SINGAPORE.
ANIMAL SUFFERING AND KILLING OF ANIMALS
CHILD LABOR IN THE CASE OF ANDRE FROM COLUMBIA
From our textbook, briefly (but not in one sentence) copy and answer the following questions:
Question #2 on page 28. Give an example.
Question # 1 and #2 on page 35
Question # 1, # 2 and #3 on page 37
Question # 1 on page 41
Question # 5 on page 43
Question #4, # 5 and # 6 on page 44
Did you answer ALL questions? If not, which questions are unanswered? Do you need more explanation or guidance? How can I help you with this assignment or any of the above questions? If you understand all questions but you simply did not have time to complete this assignment, please say it honestly, and we may agree on resubmitting your missing questions later. I will add some points when you add or completed these questions.